Experiment – Day 7


The time has come to collect our mesocoms which have been left suspended under the ice, in a water depth of 3 m in Lake Baikal. After a bout of continuous heavy snowfall on Saturday we decided to make our way to Neutrino to clear some of the snow cover, and ensure the diatoms would have enough light inorder to make the experiment a success. This turned out to be fortuitous as the snow cover was very deep, and therefore took us some time to clear the area.



Our Russian colleagues even suggested that we break up the ice as this would make it easier in 3 days time to collect the bags again. After an hour of hard work, we had a clear ice hole to check that all our bags were still suspended from the ice and with a few tweaks (hanging the rope over a wooden frame) we were all set to leave them again, knowing that we would (hopefully) have an easier job to remove them on Wednesday.


Wednesday soon came around. Luckily the weather today was much warmer than the day before, which had reached c. -30oC overnight. This was good news as we would be collecting the bags and we did not want them to freeze before we were able to transport them back to the lab kunk at Base Camp.



After succesfully retrieving all 15 sample bags, we headed back to camp to begin our filtering procedures. This entailed a very long evening, operating the filtration units. Through our observations, the nutrient enriched mesocosm water samples took considerably longer to filter. This is as expected, and should imply the experiments have worked. We’ll know more once we start analysing our samples back in the UK. Anyway, back to filtering….

Experiments under the ice


P1020135 As well as sampling the lake, we have set up some experiments to simulate how nutrient enrichment might affect Lake Baikal phytoplankton.


We have enclosed algae in two-litre mesocosm bags and spiked them with different combinations of nitrogen, phosphorus and silicon.


We will leave the algae to grow for one week before harvesting and testing to see whether nutrient enrichment has changed the types of species that grow.  We will also analyse the algal material from the experiment to see whether silicon enrichment or depletion influences the silicon isotope ratios; this should help us to interpret what the changes in the sediment core material are telling us.